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    Project Example 175: Further Examples

    AD 175: Visual Structures

    Project Example: Further Examples


    (the following examples apply to AD 175: Visual Structures but have not been developed into a full project description and rubric)

    • Emotive Black Squares: Use four black squares of the same dimensions to create a composition that expresses the meaning of each of the following five words: ambition, claustrophobia, joy, discipline, anger. (shape, size, position, direction, physical/visual/social interpretation, kinesthetic response, balance, repetition, grouping)
      - Take the most successful of the compositions and create six variations on the original design.

    • Visual Texture: Collect items and surfaces that have actual texture (sandpaper, cloth, paper, crumpled paper, mylar, plastic film, cardboard). Create a composition by combining the items into a collage with a focus on how texture can create shape (large scale, small scale, directional, reflective, etc.). (shape, size, position, direction, texture (physical, apparent, reflectivity), light, color, figure/ground ambiguity, pattern, repetition)

    • Framing Local Color: Using a camera (film, digital, built-in to the laptop), shoot 24 outdoor photographs. The framing of the photographs should consider figure/ground relationships and visual strategies. Each of the following color system should dominate one of the 24 pictures: monochromatic, analogous, warm, cool, complimentary, split complimentary, triadic, primaries, secondaries. (local color, subjective color, figure/ground – shape, size, position, direction, orientation, texture, color, color systems)

    • Framing Local Color, part 2: Using one of the images from the previous project, re-create the photograph using pages cut from a magazine and a collage approach to construction. The goal is the exploration of optical blending of color. For example, a paragraph of black text on a white page could be interpreted as gray in the collage. (local color, subjective color, figure/ground – shape, size, position, direction, orientation, texture, color, color systems)

    • Motif: Begin by creating a shape, the “motif” of the project. The shape may be simple like a rectangle or more complex, like a star or teardrop. Create a design using a white ground and repetitions of the motif in black. The motif may be varied in scale, position, and direction. Create a second design in which the ground and motif can either be black or white. Create a third design using a full brightness range (black to white). Create a fourth design using one color system (analogous, monochromatic, triadic, etc.). Exploration of figure/ground relationships (including figure/ground reversal) to create primary and secondary figures out of one motif is expected. (figure/ground – size, shape, position, direction, grouping, brightness, figure/ground reversal, figure/ground ambiguity, repetition, pattern, symmetry/asymmetry)

    • Organic and Geometric: Create a sculptural form a geometric modular unit (such as Styrofoam cubes, ping-pong balls, wooden dowels). The sculpture must include one (and only one) organic unit (such as clay, bent wire, cloth, crumpled paper). How can the organic element be made the primary figure within the sculpture from multiple viewing angles? (shape – geometric/organic, position, direction, orientation, texture, form, light, brightness, grouping, balance, rhythm)

    • Constructed Texture: Using white paper, construct a grid of eight textures, each 3” x 3” square, by repeating a single element (like a small circle, a tiny cube, a small curling spiral). The height should be no greater than one-half inch. The emphasis is on the creation of texture without dominant figure. Where is the edge between many shapes being perceived as ‘texture’ versus perception of the individual shapes? (figure/ground – size, shape, position, direction, orientation, texture, light, brightness, pattern, repetition)

    • Shape Relationships: Choose a square, triangle, or circle and create four designs using only the chosen shape. The designs should be black and white. The designs should emphasize the following respectively: not touching, touching, overlapping, subtracting. This could be done in a volumetric solution by limiting to approach to a bas-relief. (figure/ground – size, shape, position, direction, grouping, figure/ground reversal, repetition, pattern, depth cues, unity, emphasis, rhythm, balance)

    • Perspective and Ambiguity: Create an image that emphasizes depth cues, specifically, linear perspective. The first step is a line drawing. The second step, as a completely different image, is the addition of brightness and gradients (can be traced from step #1). The third step is to re-create the image using monochromatic color. The final step is to re-create the image using complimentary colors – in this final step, the colors should not attempt to create forms within the image but should actively attempt to fracture the perspective to create ambiguity. (figure/ground, depth cues – linear perspective, overlap, shadows/shading, color, color systems)


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