# Concept: Space: 4

## Concept: Space

### Related Concepts

Height - Height is the measurement of vertical distance.

Width - Width is measurement of a shape/space from side to side. It is typically taken at right angles to the height.

Depth - Depth is the measurement from the front to the back of an object/space. It can also be theapparent distance from front to back or near to far in an image.

Change (time) - Change denotes the transition that occurs from one state to another. It is the act of making something become different.
Time is the measured or measurable period during which an action, process, or condition exists or continues.

Volume - Volume is the measured amount of space an object occupies. Volume refers to the space within an object. Applied Concept:, In architecture, for example, volume refers to the space within the building.

Motion - Motion is any physical movement or change in position. Motion is typically described in terms of velocity, acceleration, displacement (change of position), and time. Applied Concept: This can either be actual movement or it can be implied movement. The arrangement of the elements of an image can create a sense of motion; the placement of lines, shapes, and textures cause the eye to move around the work or produce the illusion of action.
• Velocity - Velocity is the rate or speed of motion. It is the pace, speed, or tempo. Applied Concept: An object’s velocity can be correlated to quantifiable measurements–mph (miles per hour), meters per second, tempo (as in music, beats per minute), etc.–or to adjectives describing the quality of speed–rapid, slow, steady.
• Acceleration - Acceleration is the transition–or change–in velocity. Applied Concept: As you roll a marble or toy car down a slanted surface, such as a ramp or flat declined board, the marble or car will slowly pick up speed, therefore, becoming faster over a period of time. The greater the decline of the board, the greater the acceleration. Negative acceleration is commonly referred to as deceleration.
• Momentum - Momentum is the tendency of an object in motion to stay in motion .AppliedConcept: For example, while riding a skateboard or bicycle, a person would fly forward off the board/bike when hitting a curb, a rock or another object, which abruptly halts the motion of the skateboard…but does not halt the person. The person has momentum.

Dynamic/static - Something that is Dynamic can be described as possessing or displaying energy/force or motion. Something that is Static shows no change. It is characterized by a lack of movement, animation, or progression.

Growth and progression - Growth refers to a change in quantity over time. Applied Concept:Growth implies an increase. It can include (but is not limited to) a change in size, number, brightness or strength. A Progression is a continuous and connected change over time. Applied Concept: Progression implies–or illustrates–a continuous transition. It can include (but is not limited to) a change of position from one position to another, a change in orientation, a change in direction, or a change in color. A car driving smoothly from one location to another is a progression; a car that must stop at many stop-lights along the way is not a progression (though it could be many small progressions).