Known Size or Scale: 3

Known Size or Scale - Known size or scale reveals depth through associations of figures and shapes that have an intrinsic size. A viewer knows that a house is larger than a mosquito so that if the two were approximately the same scale in an image, the house would be perceived as further away.

Known Size
Even though the two figures are approximately the same size,
the assumption is made that the duck is closer to the viewer than the elephant
(as opposed to a giant duck or a miniature elephant).

Known Size
Katsushika Hokusai
The Great Wave Off Kanagawa
1823-29, color wookcut
(known size of a wave and the mountain)